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LIFE STYLE CREATION FOR GIRLS&Mrs

SAIKA LOUNGE

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ゴシック建築は、色気に満ち満ちたヨーロッパの感性が生んだ最高の美術ですね!
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ノートルダム大聖堂 

ゴシック建築(英語:Gothic Architecture)は、12世紀後半から花開いたフランスを発祥とする建築様式。最も初期の建築は、パリ近くのサン=ドニ(聖ドニ)大修道院教会堂(Basilique de Saint-Denis)の一部に現存する。イギリス、北部および中部イタリア、ドイツのライン川流域、ポーランドのバルト海沿岸およびヴィスワ川などの大河川流域にわたる広範囲に伝播した。
「ゴシック」という呼称は、もともと蔑称である。15世紀から16世紀にかけて、アントニオ・フィラレーテやジョルジョ・ヴァザーリらが、ルネサンス前の中世の芸術を粗野で野蛮なものとみなすために「ドイツ風の」あるいは「ゴート風の」と呼んだことに由来する(ゴート族の建築様式というわけではない)。
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ルネサンス以降、ゴシック建築は顧みられなくなっていたが(この時期をゴシック・サヴァイヴァルと呼ぶ)、その伝統は生き続け、18世紀になると、主として構造力学的観点から、合理的な構造であるとする再評価が始まった。18世紀から19世紀のゴシック・リヴァイヴァルの際には、ゲーテ、フランソワ=ルネ・ド・シャトーブリアン、フリードリヒ・シュレーゲルらによって、内部空間はヨーロッパの黒い森のイメージに例えられて賞賛され、当時のドイツ、フランス、イギリスでそれぞれが自らの民族的様式とする主張が挙がるなどした。
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Notre Dame de Paris (IPA: [nɔtʁ dam də paʁi]; French for Our Lady of Paris), also known as Notre Dame Cathedral,[2] is a Gothic, Roman Catholic cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. It is the cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Paris: that is, it is the church that contains the cathedra (official chair) of the Archbishop of Paris, currently André Vingt-Trois. The cathedral treasury houses a reliquary with the purported Crown of Thorns.
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Notre Dame de Paris is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe, and the naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture. The first period of construction from 1163 into 1240s coincided with the musical experiments of the Notre Dame school.
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Jean de Jandun recognized the cathedral as one of Paris's three most important buildings in his 1323 "Treatise on the Praises of Paris":
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“that most terrible church of the most glorious Virgin Mary, mother of God, deservedly shines out, like the sun among stars. And although some speakers, by their own free judgment, because [they are] able to see only a few things easily, may say that some other is more beautiful, I believe however, respectfully, that, if they attend more diligently to the whole and the parts, they will quickly retract this opinion. Where indeed, I ask, would they find two towers of such magnificence and perfection, so high, so large, so strong, clothed round about with such a multiple variety of ornaments? Where, I ask, would they find such a multipartite arrangement of so many lateral vaults, above and below? Where, I ask, would they find such light-filled amenities as the many surrounding chapels? Furthermore, let them tell me in what church I may see such a large cross, of which one arm separates the choir from the nave. Finally, I would willingly learn where [there are] two such circles, situated opposite each other in a straight line, which on account of their appearance are given the name of the fourth vowel [O] ; among which smaller orbs and circlets, with wondrous artifice, so that some arranged circularly, others angularly, surround windows ruddy with precious colors and beautiful with the most subtle figures of the pictures. In fact I believe that this church offers the carefully discerning such cause for admiration that its inspection can scarcely sate the soul.”
—Jean de Jandun, Tractatus de laudibus Paresis
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The cathedral suffered desecration during the radical phase of the French Revolution in the 1790s, when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. An extensive restoration supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc removed remaining decoration, returning the cathedral to an 'original' gothic state.
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==Architecture==th cat of notre dame was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress (arched exterior supports). The building was not originally designed to include the flying buttresses around the choir and nave. After the construction began and the thinner walls (popularized in the Gothic style) grew ever higher, stress fractures began to occur as the walls pushed outward. In response, the cathedral's architects built supports around the outside walls, and later additions continued the pattern. The cathedral was essentially complete by 1345.
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by saikastyle2 | 2012-01-15 09:19
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